High-Performance, Rugged GPS & GNSS Antenna Solutions for Drones & Autonomous Vehicles

How to Choose the Right Antenna

Maxtena has released a guide to selecting a suitable antenna for contemporary communication systems, listing the different types of antenna available and the required specifications for decision making Feature Article by Maxtena
How to Choose the Right Antenna
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Antennas play an essential role in contemporary communication systems, serving as a tool to emit and capture electromagnetic signals. Choosing the appropriate antenna is critical for a transmitting – receiving communication setup.

Maxtena provides high-performance antenna solutions for unmanned systems across land, sea, and air. Choosing the correct antenna for communication applications requires evaluation of several factors.

How to Choose the Right Antenna

Users should understand precise requirements and limitations, and then align them with the suitable antenna type and specifications. Consult with an antenna specialist like Maxtena, or utilize simulation tools to make the best possible choice.

Maxtena AntennaThe antenna should efficiently radiate or capture signals to prevent power loss. Find out how to select an antenna that guarantees dependable performance and aligns with the unique requirements of your application.

1. Define the Operational Frequency Range
Identify the precise frequency band your system uses (e.g., HF, VHF, UHF, SHF) and establish the required bandwidth for your application, ensuring the antenna covers this range adequately.

2. Understand Your Application and Environment
Determine if the antenna is for communication (e.g., Wi-Fi, cellular), broadcasting, GPS, radar, etc. Also, decide whether the antenna will be used indoors or outdoors, in urban or rural areas, or in conditions such as marine environments, high humidity, or extreme temperatures.

3. Gain and Radiation Pattern
Select the required gain level. Higher gain antennas are better for long-distance communication but have a narrower beamwidth.

Choose between omnidirectional (providing 360-degree coverage) and directional antennas (for focused communication).

Antenna Radiation Pattern4. Polarization
Ensure the polarization (vertical, horizontal, or circular) aligns with the system’s needs for optimal signal transmission and reception.

Antenna Polarization5. Evaluate Physical Constraints
Verify that the antenna’s dimensions and weight are suitable for your installation site. Confirm the antenna can be installed in the chosen location and is compatible with the existing setup (e.g., mast, rooftop, handheld device).

6. Match Impedance
Ensure the antenna’s impedance (usually 50 ohms or 75 ohms) matches your system to prevent signal loss and reflection.

7. Assess Power Handling and Durability
Check that the antenna can handle the transmitter’s power output. Examine the antenna’s construction and materials, especially for outdoor use, to ensure it can withstand environmental factors such as wind, rain, and UV exposure.

8. Availability
Ensure the selected antenna is readily available or can be acquired within your project’s timeline.

9. Certifications & Regulation
Verify that the antenna meets relevant regulatory standards and certifications in your region (e.g., FCC in the US, CE in Europe).

Types of Antenna

Users looking to outfit contemporary communication systems can select from different types of antennas:

  • Dipole Antennas
    Simple, omnidirectional antennas suitable for various applications.
  • Maxtena Patch AntennaYagi-Uda Antennas
    Directional antennas perfect for long-distance communication.
  • Parabolic Antennas (Dish)
    Wideband antennas ideal for applications needing coverage over a broad frequency range.
  • Patch Antennas
    Compact, flat antennas used in GPS, Wi-Fi, and other space-constrained applications.
  • Log-Periodic Antennas
    Wideband antennas suitable for applications requiring coverage over an extensive frequency range.
To learn more, contact Maxtena: Visit Website Send Message View Supplier Profile
Posted by William Mackenzie Connect & Contact