Unmanned Vehicle Communication
Wireless communications are required to operate UGVs remotely, as well as to relay video footage and other sensor data. This will typically be done by RF (radio frequency) communications, satellite links, or wireless fiber optic. UGVs will often require non-line of sight (NLOS) communications due to operating in urban and cluttered environments. Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) technology is often utilised in order to help UGVs maintain links even in adverse conditions.
UGVs can be equipped with a variety of sensors and payloads. Due to operating in indoor and other GNSS-denied environments, UGVs may rely on LiDAR sensors, combined with inertial navigation systems and vehicle odometry, for accurate navigation. Mission-specific sensors and payloads include RGB and thermal cameras, manipulator arms, chemical and explosives sensors, and weapons systems.