Technology Editor Last updated: October 20th, 2023
Maritime Artificial Intelligence for Uncrewed Vessels
AI (artificial intelligence) software may be installed on a variety of marine and maritime uncrewed systems platforms, including USVs (uncrewed surface vessels), AUVs (autonomous underwater vehicles) and ROVs (remotely operated vehicles). These vehicles can use the power of AI software to intelligently analyze data from their sensors and learn how to respond to highly dynamic environments.
Guardian Autonomy for USVs – AI Software by Marine AI
Marine AI for Unmanned Surface Vessels
USVs largely use AI for autonomous navigation, combining data from sensors, navigation charts, real-time weather reports and AIS (automatic identification systems) to calculate the best possible route that will avoid all hazards as well as provide optimal fuel economy. This type of marine AI system may help the USV comply with COLREGS (International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea).
USVs may also use AI and computer vision to interpret data from cameras and sonar in order to identify and track targets. This may be useful for a variety of maritime defense applications such as port security and patrolling, and interception of rogue vessel threats.
AI software for autonomous underwater navigation
AUVs may employ the use AI for autonomous navigation. This is particularly important due to the fact that RF communications are largely unusable under water, AUVs may spend large amounts of time without access to GNSS signals or communications with their support vessel.
Charles River Analytics’ AutoTRap Onboard – AI software application for Automatic Target Recognition
AUVs may also undertake missions such as minehunting, inspection and sea life identification with the help of computer vision and AI software.
ROVs typically have less direct need for AI-based navigation as they are usually remotely controlled directly by a human operator. However, AI software in the marine industry can be used to analyze the video feed and images transmitted by the ROV, in order to classify features and spot items of interest, such as structural flaws during marine inspections, that a human may overlook or take longer to see.