Inertial Sensors, MEMS IMU, AHRS Systems, Vertical Reference Units & GNSS-INS for Unmanned Systems

Article: The Benefits of GNSS-Aided INS

By Mike Ball / 04 Feb 2021
Follow UST

Parker Lord 3DMGQ7 GNSS-INS on UGV

Parker LORD has released the following article that outlines the benefits of using a GNSS-aided INS (inertial navigation system), such as the company’s tactical-grade dual antenna 3DMGQ7, over a pure GNSS navigation system.

A common challenge in selecting a navigation device is deciding between a traditional GNSS positioning system, or a combined GNSS/inertial navigation system. A GNSS/INS offers several benefits over a pure GNSS receiver, which may need to be balanced with an increase in cost, size and system complexity.

The main benefits of using a GNSS/INS, such as the 3DMGQ7, include:

Data output rates: Most GNSS receivers can output position data at relatively low rates, generally in the 5-20Hz range. An INS can rapidly integrate inertial data, which allows for an increase in data output rate. In the 3DMGQ7, the Extended Kalman Filter outputs a navigation solution at a maximum rate of 1000Hz. In applications with high rate control loops or highly dynamic motion, such as UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles), data output rate is critical for performance.

Attitude data: A traditional GNSS system only has the ability to output position and velocity data. The addition of inertial sensors adds pitch, roll and yaw to the navigation solution. In many navigation applications, such as quadcopters and legged UGVs (unmanned ground vehicles), attitude data is required for balance and stabilization.

GNSS outages: One of the greatest benefits of an INS is the ability to operate in GNSS-denied environments. Without satellite coverage and a clear view of the sky, a GNSS system quickly loses the ability to estimate position. The following figure shows a comparison between the 3DMGQ7 INS position (red) and pure GNSS position (blue) while going through a set of tunnels. The GNSS solution quickly starts to diverge from the travelled path, while the INS solution tracks the road perfectly.

GNSS outage

To learn more, contact MicroStrain by HBK: Visit Website Send Message View Supplier Profile
Posted by Mike Ball Mike Ball is our resident technical editor here at Unmanned Systems Technology. Combining his passion for teaching, advanced engineering and all things unmanned, Mike keeps a watchful eye over everything related to the unmanned technical sector. With over 10 years’ experience in the unmanned field and a degree in engineering, Mike’s been heading up our technical team here for the last 8 years. Connect & Contact